Double Circles

Amanda Marder

Linnea Glatt, Double Circles, stitchery on mulberry paper w/ thread
Linnea Glatt, creating from 1971-2011

Permanent Collections:

  • Fort Worth Art Center, Fort Worth, TX
  • Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
  • Frito Lay Collection, Dallas, TX
  • American Airlines Admirals Club, Dallas, TX
  • Museum of Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX

Words to describe Linnea Glatts work:
  • Sparse
  • Curvilinear Forms
  • Use of Fabric 
  • Contemporary Minimalist
  • Work on Paper
  • Process-Oriented
  • Sculpture


Linnea Glatt uses thread as an extension of mind.  Drawing with thread utilizing a sewing machines on various materials such as paper and fabric, she creates balanced, unique and elegant compositions.  With a background in sculpture, occasionally still drawing in pencil, thread is her main medium of choice.  Her work is known as minimalist but that's not to underestimate the impact of her work.
"The work in this exhibition at Barry Whistler Gallery by Linnea Glatt is methodical, precise and quietly moving. While the works are often visually minimal, using only black and white, circles, lines and dots, they have a presence based on the accretion of their labor.

Labor used to be a word that could be tied to abstraction. It was in the early twentieth century when abstraction was invented that the very notion of the artist/worker also rose to prominence. This came to a head with Abstract Expressionist artists who treated the studio as a workshop, 

wearing coveralls and diligently embracing the status of the proletariat. In the 1970s feminist artists expanded the notion of labor to encompass domestic work. Today, with Takashi Murakami, Demian Hirst or Jeff Koons as examples of artists functioning more like venture capitalists, those days seem long gone. But even the reference to a piece of art as a “work” harkens back to the days when labor was part of a belief system.

Made with a sewing machine and thread on mulberry paper, many of these “works” use the grid as a starting point. But like Agnes Martin or Eva Hesse, the grid allows a structure for indeterminacy to chart its meandering path around a clear trajectory. As a result, analog machinery and the hand collaborate to make something that is deeply felt.

Glatt uses seriality in a way that suggests time with progressive iterations of a visual trope. For instance, one series of drawings involves two circles. In each one the circles come closer and closer until they overlap, pass through one another and switch places, suggesting anything from a lunar eclipse to a Venn diagram. This was a common strategy for Minimalist artists and like Sol Lewitt’s cubes, the circle becomes a site for endless exploration."


Science: Mixed Mediums

Mulberry Paper

Design and create with paper made from the bark of the Mulberry tree. Mulberry paper, also known as Kozo paper, provides a luxurious foundation for many art, craft and design projects. The paper feathers beautifully when hand torn. Because mulberry paper has a neutral pH, it makes a wonderful art paper for long-lasting projects. The uses are almost endless: collage, painting, scrapbooking, note cards, lamp shades, wedding invitations, fish rubbings and many, many more. Mulberry paper is made in many different varieties including:
  • ·         Unryu Paper: Lightweight, translucent and showing embedded threads of bark.
  • ·         Kozo Paper: Heavyweight and highly textured.
  • ·         Printable Paper: Smooth, text weight and printer compatible.
  • ·         Marbled Momi Paper: Hand-marbled in exotic colors and texture.
  • ·         Mulberry Paper Rolls: Large dimension mulberry paper sold on rolls for large projects.

Technology: Sewing Machine

The Machine:

 Operating the Machine:

 Stitch Science:

Engineering: Developing the technique to sew (an aggressive technique) on extremely delicate materials

So I was curious about what the experience would be to use a sewing machine on paper.  Unpleasant, difficult, and absolutely necessary to have the appropriate balance of thickness of material to stitch size.

Art: Technique of using machine to draw

Drawing is one of the many tasks that may come naturally to some but still requires massive quantities of practice and discipline.  Using your hand as the driving mechanism to control the medium is traditionally how most art is composted.  But imagine trusting that mobility to a machine that is no longer directly controlled by your thoughts but you have now added an extra step to the process.

Instead of:

Idea -> Hand -> Pencil -> Paper

You know have:

Idea -> Hand -> Machine -> Medium ->Paper

Machines can sometimes take life of its own BUT machines can also become an extension of ones body with enough time.  It is apparent in Linnea Glatt's work that this is this case, her lines are effortless and fluid.  To achieve such quality comes with practice and dedication.

Mathematics: Minimalism: basic shapes of spheres and cubes; geometric, symmetrical 

Double Circles is a minimalistic composition.  It is balanced and symmestrical in forms.  Minimalisa trend in sculpture and painting that arose in the 1950s and used simple, typically massive, forms.  Minimalism in visual art, generally referred to as "minimal art", "literalist art" and "ABC Art" emerged in New York in the early 1960s as new and older artists moved toward geometric abstraction