Ridgway, Linda, untitled, 2-color intaglio

Kranthi Dhanala

In this post, We are asked to pick a sculpture from utdallas davidow collection with bluetooth beacon and write 5 articles about it on STEAM. I chose a untitled piece “Ridgway, Linda, untitled, 2-color intaglio, ed 75 (2 pieces) 1 fr”.



This piece is created using Intaglio technique. Intaglio is the family of printing and printmaking techniques in which the image is incised into a surface, and the incised line or sunken area holds the ink. It is the direct opposite of a relief print.

Normally, copper or zinc plates are used as a surface or matrix, and the incisions are created by etching, engraving, drypoint, aquatint or mezzotint. Collagraphs may also be printed as intaglio plates.

Today intaglio engraving is largely used for paper or plastic currency, banknotes, passports and occasionally for high-value postage stamps. The appearance of engraving is sometimes mimicked for items such as wedding invitations by producing an embossment around lettering printed by another process (such as lithography or offset) to suggest the edges of an engraving plate.

Some of designs by this technique:



The Engineering process involved in making this art:

In intaglio printing, the lines to be printed are cut into a metal plate by means either of a cutting tool called a burin, held in the hand – in which case the process is called engraving; or through the corrosive action of acid – in which case the process is known as etching. In etching, for example, the plate is covered in a resin ground or an acid-resistant wax material. Using an etching needle, or a similar tool, the image is engraved into the ground, revealing the plate underneath. The plate is then dipped into acid. The acid bites into the surface of the plate where it was exposed. Biting is a printmaking term to describe the acid’s etching, or incising, of the image.After the plate is sufficiently bitten, the plate is removed from the acid bath, and the ground is removed to prepare for the next step in printing.

To print an intaglio plate, ink is applied to the surface by wiping and/or dabbing the plate to push the ink into the recessed lines, or grooves.The plate is then rubbed with tarlatan cloth to remove most of the excess ink. The final smooth wipe is often done with newspaper or old public phone book pages, leaving ink only in the incisions. A damp piece of paper is placed on top of the plate, so that when going through the press the damp paper will be able to be squeezed into the plate’s ink-filled grooves.The paper and plate are then covered by a thick blanket to ensure even pressure when going through the rolling press. The rolling press applies very high pressure through the blanket to push the paper into the grooves on the plate.The blanket is then lifted, revealing the paper and printed image.

Step1: Depressions are cut into a printing plate. The plate shown here is not to scale: the grooves can be fractions of a mm wide.


Step 2:  The plate is covered in ink:


Step 3: The ink is wiped off the surface of the plate, but remains in the grooves


Step 4: Paper is placed on the plate and compressed, such as by a heavy roller


Step 5: The paper is removed, and the ink has been transferred from the plate to the paper




This untitled piece is from ’75 and the artist Ridgway was trained as a printmaker, but is best known for her delicate sculptures based on plants and clothing.The vine-like bronze sculpture The Dance demonstrates this synthesis of bronze and plants.

After having a first look at this picture, one can easily identify that this piece is one of her clothing related sculpture. A woman whose face is masked and wearing a 70’s style dress like this


From these kinds of sculptures you can understand the clothing style from 70’s


It’s common knowledge that clothes have a strong influence over the way other people perceive us; you may be talented and qualified, but sweatpants at a job interview probably won’t communicate your ambition to a potential boss.

This is a link to combine both cognitive science and clothing;

When Clothing Style Influences Cognitive Style:


read above interesting experiments to find more about relation between clothing styles and cognitive science


The mathematical relation I came up with is clothing measurements and if one try to recreate this sculpture as mannequin how will the measurements taken.It’s up to the fashion experts to think about it.